Skin Cancer: Types, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments
July is UV Safety Awareness month. We would like to educate our readers about Skin Cancer and how Houston Hospice Providers can support the patients with this.
Skin cancer is often developed through exposure of the sun. It is an abnormal growth formed within the epidermis. This layer of skin is the outermost layer of the skin. There are ways to avoid skin cancer by avoiding exposure of UV radiation and checking with your physician or dermatologist, if you see any changes of the skin.
Skin cancer forms through a mutation of cells that’s cause tumors within the skin.
Learn more about the different signs, symptoms and treatments of skin cancer.
Types of skin cancer
There are three types of skin cancer:
–Basal cell carcinoma is an abnormal growth of the top layer of skin called epidermis. This cancer is found in the face, ears, neck and back.
–Squamous cell carcinoma: This cancer is an uncontrollable growth of abnormal cells. This cancer is formed within the faces, scalp, hands and ears.
–Melanoma: This cancer develops from the melanocytes which is pigments of the skin and changes your skin a different color. This is usually found in any area of the body.
Causes of skin cancer
Skin cancer occurs when there is a mutation of the DNA. From there the mutation grows abnormal without control and causes a tumor. The skin contains levels of skin layers also called (epidermis)and helps indicate how far or deep the cancer developed.
The types of causes occur with ultraviolet which is a form of radiation from the sunlight or tanning beds. People with fair skin usually indicate these types of skin cancer because of exposure of the sun.
There are different types of symptoms that could indicate skin cancer, everyone is different but the most common are usually in the primary areas like the face, scalp, lips, ears, hands, arms and chest.
Symptoms for Basal cell carcinoma usually are indicated with a waxy bump, fleshed colored or brown scars and bleeding.
Symptoms for Squamous occur with people with darker skin color. They usually get red nodule and a flat lesion.
Symptoms for Melanoma usually indicate anywhere in the body. The skin usually looks normal with some moles. These moles could then become cancerous overtime without noticing it. Men get these symptoms in face while women get it in their legs.
There are different treatments depending on the type of skin cancer indicated by your physician or dermatologist. Some treatments will be chemotherapy exposure or immunotherapy. Surgery is the last step after certain treatments. Usually, patients that have basal or squamous skin cancer are the ones who usually get surgery to remove masses from the skin.
For your loved one with Skin diseases or Skin cancer and not you are not sure whether you can opt for Palliative Care, Respite Care or Hospice Care. Here is the piece of information that Houston Hospice Providers have trained professionals to deal with it and your loved one is able to live in comfort during the diagnosis or prognosis of 6 months of life expectancy or palliative care option to relieve the pain.
For more information regarding hospice care reach out to us at your preferred time.